any art in which real objects in nature
are represented in a way that wholly
or partially neglects their true appearance
and expresses it in a form of sometimes
unrecognizable patterns of lines, colors
expressionism - a style and movement of non-representational painting where
artists apply paint quickly and forcefully
to express feeling and emotion. Developed
in the 1940's and 1950's, the often-large
works appear to be accidental but are
very intentional. Jackson Pollock is
the movement's most important figures.
French for "new art". During
the late 19th and early 20th centuries,
an art movement and style of decorative
painting, sculpture and architecture
which is characterized by the use of
flowers and leaves in flowing, interlacing
lines. Henri Toulouse-Latrec and Gustav
Klimt were among those greatly influenced
by the movement.
French term for "vanguard",
a term that describes artists and their
art that stand at the beginning of a movement
that often does not conform to the traditional
or previously accepted ideas or standards.
Batik - an Indonesian method
of printing textile. A design is made on
the fabric by coating it with wax to repel
dye. The cloth is then dipped in dye after
which the wax is removed so the design
appears in the original color of the cloth.
Often, this process is repeated for a number
of colors to complete the desired design.
Caricature - A picture where the
subject is depicted in a satirizing way
that exaggerates its distinctive characteristics
in a comical or grotesque way. Often used
as a commentary on political or social
Cartoon - an often humorous
or satirical drawing to evoke emotions,
usually with a caption. A cartoon is typically
a simple-lined drawing and tells a story
or continues a story; it can consist of
one or more pictures or frames.
Classicism - typically referring
to what are considered characteristics
of classical art that include simplicity,
harmony, proportional representation and
Cubism - a very influential
20th century art movement driven by Pablo
Picasso and Georges Braque. The movement
attempts to break up subject matter, analyze
it and reassemble it in an abstract form.
artwork intended for ornamentation purposes.
Differing from fine art, decorative art
is intended to have a purpose as interior
decoration. Some examples of decorative
art include furniture, ceramics, glass
Expressionism - a style in painting
where the artist disregards traditional
standards of proportion and realism while
expressing his or her own inner experience
of emotions by using distortion and emphasis.
Figurative - art that represents
a human, animal or object's form by means
of a symbol or figure.
handicrafts and ornamental works produced
by people with no formal art training
but trained in traditional techniques
often handed down through generations
and of a specific region.
beginning in France in the 1860's, a significant
and style of painting where artists attempted
to paint their subjects in a way that showed
the changing effects of natural lighting
throughout the day. Monet, Cézanne, Sisley,
Renoir and Pissarro are members of the
group of Impressionist painters.
Landscape - a painting, drawing
or photograph that scenery such as trees,
forests, meadows, and rivers. The movement
toward a landscape being primary in a work
of art, rather than simply the background,
began in the 17th century.
usually referring to art by artists who
have no formal art education or training,
a style of painting that is often simple
with bright colors, unrepresentative
perspective and childlike subject matter
American Art - artwork created by the indigenous peoples of North America,
including but not limited to painting
and drawings on paper as well as stone
surfaces, weaving, jewelry and pottery.
Neo-impressionism - a movement in painting
as a reaction to Impressionism; originated
by Georges-Pierre Seurat in the late 19th
century, the movement used the technique
of pointillism which uses dots or points
of color which the brain automatically
blends upon viewing it
Realism - the attempt to represent
people, objects, or places in a realistic
manner as opposed to an idealized way;
also, a later 19th century art movement
in France which objected to the idealized
style of Romanticism by creating works
that depicted a more true view of everyday
Seascape - a painting or work
of pictorial art that depicts the sea or
a scene that includes the sea.
a successor to Dadaism, the style or movement
starting in the 1920's
which was influenced by Freud's focus on
dreams. Works in the Surrealist style often
appear dreamlike, irrational and fantastical
in their presentation. Some contributors
include André Breton, Salvador Dali, and